Copyright

Last modified: July 1, 2019

Permitted Uses; Restrictions on Use

Materials available in this network of Web sites are protected by copyright law and are operated by Circa Logica Group. or its affiliated companies (“Circa Logica Group”). Copyright © 2015 Circa Logica Group Co. All rights reserved.

No part of the materials including graphics or logos, available in this Web site may be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part, without specific permission. Distribution for commercial purposes is prohibited.

STATEMENT REGARDING COPYING, DOWNLOADING AND DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIALS FROM THE CIRCA LOGICA GROUP SOLUTIONS

Circa Logica Group receives many questions concerning what copying, downloading and distribution of materials available in the Circa Logica Group solutions (the “Solutions”) is permitted by our subscription agreement. Some of the most common questions are addressed below.

Photocopying

A subscriber may photocopy Circa Logica Group printouts and distribute those copies to the extent permitted under the “fair use” provisions of the Copyright Act of 1976 (17 U.S.C. §107).

Downloading

With respect to court cases, court rules, court briefs, agency-issued documents, agency regulations, or executive branch materials from the Philippines (“Authorized Legal Materials”), individuals may retrieve, via downloading commands of the Solutions, and store in machine-readable form, primarily for one person’s exclusive use, a single copy of insubstantial portions of Authorized Legal Materials included in any individual file to the extent such storage is not further limited or prohibited by the Supplemental Terms for Specific Materials.

With respect to Philippine patents (“Authorized Patent Materials”), individuals may retrieve, via downloading commands of the Solutions, and store in machine-readable form, primarily for one person’s exclusive use, a single copy of no more than 200 patents at any one time.

With respect to all other materials other than Authorized Legal Materials and Authorized Patent Materials, individuals may retrieve, via downloading commands of the Solutions, and store in machine-readable form for no more than ninety (90) days, primarily for one person’s exclusive use, a single copy of insubstantial portions of materials included in any individual file to the extent the storage of such materials is not further limited or prohibited by the Supplemental Terms for Specific Materials.

Downloaded materials may be printed out, copied, and distributed to the extent permitted by applicable copyright law and not further limited or prohibited by the Supplemental Terms for specific materials, but may not otherwise be reproduced or distributed. Materials downloaded and stored in machine-readable form may not be displayed electronically to more than one user at a time.

“Fair Use”

The “fair use” provisions of the Copyright Act provide that several factors must be considered when determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a “fair use”. These factors include whether the use is of a commercial or non-profit nature, the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the work as a whole, and the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the work.

Whether a particular use is permitted under the “fair use” provisions of copyright law depends on the facts and circumstances of the particular use. An evaluation of these facts and circumstances, the factors referred to above and court cases interpreting applicable copyright laws may all be necessary to determine whether the reproduction or distribution of materials published in printed form (books, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, etc.) is permissible.

Circa Logica Group will not give legal advice to subscribers as to whether a particular type of use constitutes “fair use”.

Additional Restrictions, Terms, and Conditions

Some materials available in the Solutions are subject to additional restrictions on use, copying, downloading or distribution, as well as other terms and conditions. These terms and conditions are set forth in the Circa Logica Group “Supplemental Terms for Specific Materials”, which are incorporated as part of every subscription agreement.

Exceptions
In certain limited instances, Circa Logica Group may give a subscriber limited reproduction and distribution rights for specific materials. Subscribers should direct requests to reproduce or distribute materials obtained from the Solutions by electronic mail to [email protected] All requests must be in writing on the subscriber’s letterhead and should specify the materials the subscriber wishes to reproduce and/or distribute, the purpose of the activity, the method of distribution, and the approximate number of recipients.